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Biometric Privacy Legal Landscape Case Law Developments Class Action Litigation Defense Strategies

First Biometric Privacy Jury Trial Results in Massive $228 Million Dollar Verdict

Amanda M. Noonan |

A federal district court in the Northern District of Illinois conducted the first-ever jury trial in an Illinois Biometric Information Privacy Act (“BIPA”) case. On October 12, 2022, the jury returned a verdict for the plaintiff—and more than 45,000 class members—regarding defendant BNSF Railway’s (“BNSF”) reckless violations of BIPA. See Rogers v. BNSF Railway Co., No. 1:19-cv-03083 (N.D. Ill. Oct. 12, 2022). Plaintiffs’ claims centered on BNSF’s collection of fingerprints to verify their identities and allow access to BNSF’s facilities without obtaining their written consent, as required under BIPA Section 15(b).

After a five-day trial—and only an hour of deliberations—the jury found BNSF not only violated BIPA 46,500 times, but did so intentionally or recklessly under 735 ILCS 14/20(2). The jury’s finding on that issue quintupled plaintiff’s damages award to $5,000 per violation, as opposed to $1,000 per negligent violation. As a result, District Judge Matthew Kennelly entered a $228 million dollar damages award in plaintiffs’ favor following the verdict. BNSF has stated it intends to appeal.

The implications of the verdict loom large. On the plaintiff’s side, counsel will likely increase the already large-scale BIPA filings and push for higher settlement amounts, using the prospect of a successful jury trial as a bargaining chip. Given the stakes, BIPA defendants may be more inclined to seek early resolution once named in a BIPA class action to avoid a bet-the-company litigation at all costs.

Considering the verdict, early compliance efforts by companies implementing biometric technology are even more crucial to avoid BIPA litigation in the first instance. Significantly, companies using any technology that could arguably constitute biometrics—regardless of the sophistication—may be targeted by zealous plaintiff’s attorneys seeking to join the ever-increasing cascade of BIPA class action filings. Biometrics privacy counsel should thus be consulted to address compliance strategies to protect against the catastrophic risks of a BIPA verdict at the earliest possible opportunity.

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Biometric Privacy Legal Landscape The Lighter Side of Biometrics

Delta Airlines Debuts “Parallel Reality” Biometric Flight Information Display

Rachel Evans* |

On June 29, 2022, travelers at the Detroit Metropolitan Airport were the first to interact with a new flight information display that uses facial recognition technology “to identify participating travelers and show them the appropriate information.”

How It Works

Customers can opt-in to the experience by either scanning their boarding pass or activating facial recognition at the Parallel Reality kiosk to check in to their flight and receive day-of-travel information at their fingertips—or, more appropriately, at their facial scan.

Once a customer has checked in and approached the flight information board, cameras embedded in the board will match an individual to their picture and engage multi-view pixels to display a unique message only the intended customer can see.

Nearly all travelers can simultaneously look at the display and receive completely different, personalized information relating to their travel plan.

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Biometric Privacy Legal Landscape Case Law Developments

Q1 Biometric Privacy Litigation Update

Amanda M. Noonan |

In the first quarter of 2022, there have already been significant legal developments in the biometric technology space. Most notably, the Illinois Supreme Court—which has actively taken Illinois Biometric Privacy Act (“BIPA”) cases amid the surge of such class action litigation in federal and state courts—issued several consequential BIPA opinions this year. Though 2022’s most critical BIPA decisions are likely still on the horizon.

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Biometric Privacy Legal Landscape Legislative Developments & Trends

California Legislature Introduces Expansive Biometric Privacy Law

Amanda M. Noonan |

On February 17, 2022, the California Legislature introduced a biometric privacy law (SB 1189) similar to the Illinois Biometric Information Privacy Act (“BIPA”). SB 1189 would dramatically increase biometric privacy protection for California consumers, expand regulation among private business, and add to the flurry of biometric privacy class action litigation that has taken hold of U.S. courts.